Category Archives: Catholicism

Dedicazione di Santa Maria Maggiore

Today, August 5, is the Feast of the Dedication of the Patriarchal Basilica Santa Maria Maggiore.  Read all about it here:



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Secret Way of the Enclosed Garden – CXXXV

Perhaps you will say: You are strict, exacting, narrow, exclusive.

No, I am in earnest, and as de Montfort did, I desire the greatest good of souls.

Or you will say: The more souls there are consecrated to the Blessed Virgin, the better it will be.

Certainly, but these souls, too young, or insufficiently instructed, or ill-prepared, will not practice the True Devotion interiorly, nor will they understand it.

Or you will say: But at least they will be consecrated to the Blessed Virgin.  Certainly, but for that, the consecration of the first Communion, of the reception as a child of Mary, of a mission, suffice; but I maintain that without knowledge and sufficient preparation it will not be, and cannot be the special consecration and the interior practice of the Holy Slavery of Love of Jesus in Mary.  It is impossible.

(To be continued.)

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Secret Way of the Enclosed Garden – CXXVIII

The humble slaves of Jesus in Mary do not dream of such an emancipation, tumultuous, cruel and fatal.  But on a closer inspection, we find that this innate spirit of liberty which since the Fall has joined forces in us with original pride, slumbers in each of us and that very little will suffice to rouse it.

True liberty is found in humility, in the considered, intelligent, willing recognition of the rights of God over us, and at the same time in the strict obligation we are under, in that we depend on Him alone for life and through our baptism, to serve Him, love Him, and accept Him as the only end of all our natural and supernatural aspirations.

The true Christian who serves God in all simplicity, who does not presume to ask God the reason of His commands, who strives with the help of His grace to practice faithfully all the virtues and duties of his state, who accepts with resignation, that they may be meritorious, trial and sorrow, who is satisfied with his station, who would not cause others suffering but rather please and help them, he knows true liberty and peace of heart – he is a child of God, free as the Father Whom he has in Heaven.

(To be continued.)

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Secret Way of the Enclosed Garden – CII

Jesus Christ as our Creator and our God is our Sovereign, Master and Lord.  He has an absolute dominion over us.  He possesses us unconditionally.  We depend essentially upon Him and He is ever exercising over us His universal and plenary empire.

Jesus Christ holds His complete power in right of His divinity and of His eternal birth: ‘The Lord hath said to Me: Thou art My Son; this day have I begotten Thee.  Ask of Me and I will give Thee the Gentiles for Thy inheritance.’

But Jesus Christ also possesses the empire of the world by right of conquest and redemption.  His sufferings, His blood, His cross, His death, all that mission fulfilled by Him, have seemed to Him an unimpeachable right of ownership.  He is our Master and only Lord, the God-man born of the Virgin Mary Who died upon the Cross.  ‘Dominus regnavit a ligno’: the cross is His sovereign throne and His rights are written and signed with His blood.

Baptism, by applying to us the merits of His Passion, by delivering us from the shameful slavery of satan, has placed us in the honorable mystery slavery of Jesus.  And by Baptism He has acquired fresh rights to our service and to the ownership of us.  To serve Him, love Him, adore Him, to do His good pleasure and His will, to die for Him, and all this without expecting from Him any reward, any wage, save the bliss of serving and loving Him more, these are our duties.  And we must refer everything to Him, actions, words, thoughts, sufferings, health, strength, work, prayers, prospects, and so on, everything to Him Who permits us to do so, because we are His conquest, His property, His chosen people, His spiritual and eternal heritage.

All this is indeed to belong to Him, to be His slaves.  Slaves, I say, and not servants, namely, entirely His, His chattels, res Domini, with which He can do what He pleases.

(To be continued.)

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Secret Way of the Enclosed Garden – XCIX

They resemble each other, for both are a renunciation and a surrender.  When the little child comes into the world, he is the slave of satan.  The toils of Adam’s sin, original sin, envelop him and soil him.  Sanctifying grace, that is, a participation in the life of God Himself, has no place in his soul.  But at Holy Baptism, through the union of water and the priest’s words, he is filled with grace and animated with the divine life, he is a Christian, a child of God, an heir to the promises of the kingdom.  And at the moment of this wonder, the child by the authorized lips of others has made a great statement, done a great act.  He has said: ‘I renounce satan, his pomps and his works, and I desire to belong to Jesus Christ.’

A very grave and sacred promise this, which, conscientiously speaking, pledges the whole life of the new Christian.  This promise, the child of ten or twelve, on the unforgettable evening of his first Communion, renews freely with his own lips.  A child’s promise, sincere and certainly touching, but in practice often forgotten, misunderstood, broken, sometimes even denied.

The Consecration of the Holy Slavery renews this promise and renews it freely after a serious preparation at a mature age and of one’s own accord.  And the newly consecrated one knows well that this surrender to Jesus through Mary is a new and definite renunciation of the devil, and a new and formal protestation of eternal fidelity to Jesus Christ.

In this way we see then how the baptismal vows and the Consecration to Mary resemble one another.  They also complete each other in this sense, that at Holy Baptism the child speaks through the lips of another, whilst at his Consecration he himself pronounces his act, personally, freely and voluntarily.  We said too that the baptismal vows and the surrender to Mary were different.  They differ in three ways:

(a) In baptism, as we have just remembered, we do not speak ourselves.  We are officially represented by a godfather and a godmother, who before the Church and before God formally pledge our future, that is to say, our Christian life.

In the Consecration of the Holy Slavery we speak ourselves, in full knowledge of what we are undertaking, and we intend to give to our act, as is stressed by Montfort, the value of a renunciation of the infernal powers and of a total submission to the sole lordship of the King Jesus.

(b) In the baptismal vows, we are alone; we do not surrender ourselves to Jesus Christ by the hand of Mary, at least as a general rule, unless one is an adult and explicitly does so.

For many years, it is true, it has been the custom in parish churches on the evening of the solemn Communion to make use of this sacramental formula which recalls the Montfortian doctrine: ‘I renounce satan, his pomps and his works, and I give msyself to Jesus Christ for ever by the hand of Mary.’  But the baptismal form of words does not imply the strict and exact sense of a surrender to Mary, as does that of Blessed de Montfort.

The renewal of the baptismal vows by the act of Consecration through Mary is a very different matter.  The words here are explicit and complete: ‘Because we use in our Consecration to Jesus Christ the most perfect of all means, namely the Blessed Virgin.’

(c) There is yet another important difference between the baptismal vows and the Consecration through Mary.  In the baptismal vows, ‘we do not give to Jesus Christ the value of our good actions; we remain after baptism entirely free to apply it to whom we will or to keep it for ourselves.’

The young Christian after his Baptism, the child after his First Communion, the faithful after that impressive ceremony of the renewal of these vows during a mission, remain free and have the absolute disposal of their good works, let them be what they will.  They can if they like apply them to other souls, or they have the right to keep them for themselves.  It is their right because these various works are their property and possession, a source of grace and of future bliss.

‘But by this devotion, we give ourselves expressly to Our Lord by the hands of Mary, and we consecrate to her the value of all our actions.’

(To be continued.)

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Secret Way of the Enclosed Garden – XCVIII

3. The Consecration and the Baptismal Vow.

Blessed de Montfort calls this devotion ‘a perfect renewal of the vows or promises of Holy Baptism,’ by which the Christian through his godparents renounces the devil, his pomps, and his works, and recognizes Jesus Christ as his sole and sovereign Master to Whom he vows himself for ever.

This renunciation of satan and this promise to belong to Jesus is perfectly renewed by our Consecration.  The vows of Baptism and the surrender to Mary resemble each other, complete each other, are identical yet are different.

(To be continued.)

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Secret Way of the Enclosed Garden – XCVII

The field devoted to our zeal and our desire of surrender to Mary is wide indeed.  And Montfort is always referring to it.  We keep our merits for ourselves alone, ‘but we give her all our prayers and good works in so far as they are impetratory and satisfactory, that she may distribute and apply them to whom she will.  And if after having consecrated ourselves to the Blessed Virgin, we would fain console some soul in Purgatory, save some sinner, help some friend by our prayers, our alms, our mortifications, our sacrifices, we must humbly ask it of her, and abide by what she determines, though we know not what it is; for we are persuaded that the value of our actions cannot fail to be applied to the greater glory of God, distributed as it will be by that same hand which God has chosen to dispense His grace and His gifts.’

There is nothing to add to words so clear and so consolatory.  Let us then beware of taking from our life its beautiful simplicity.  After our surrender, let us live as before, but through Mary and in Mary.  We must not think that our Consecration insists on extraordinary acts, on countless exercises, on an impossible degree of devotion which would often be incompatible with the daily round.  Mary wants our hearts, our loves, our wills, and what we have to do is simply to live without heart-searchings, united to her and her designs, feelings and wishes as a child is to its mother’s.

It is not a devotion which requires us to deny ourselves pleasure and lawful recreation or to break with legitimate intimacies.  No, but with all that it contains, let us live our life, whatever our rank, vocation, habits, occupations, supernaturally, as Mary would have us live it.  This doctrine, taught by Montfort, is as wide as it is elastic.  It includes all special devotions and adapts itself wonderfully, as we shall explain later on, to every manner of life whether in the world or the cloister.  In a word, it is for all a Secret of Holiness.

(To be continued.)

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